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双语 ▏与时俱进看浙江:产业特征--Industrial Characteristics

2017-01-22 国际投资96357 国际投资96357

传统产业


轻纺


     轻纺工业是浙江传统优势产业,也是高新技术充分应用的行业,也是时尚文化创意产业,经济总量、出口创汇、利润总额均居中国大陆各省市自治区前列。形成了杭州女装、宁波男装、萧山化纤、余杭家纺、绍兴纺织面料、温州鞋业、海宁皮革制品、嵊州领带、诸暨袜业、临海休闲用品等一批轻纺产业集群。轻纺类专业市场涉及轻纺产品的所有领域,辐射力强,影响面大,已成为中国大陆各省市自治区轻纺的展示、交易、物流中心。义乌小商品市场、中国轻纺城、海宁皮革城是中国大陆各省市自治区影响较大的专业市场。

Light textile stands as one of Zhejiang’s pillar industries, high-tech industries as well as fashion and cultural industries whose economic aggregate, export earnings and total profit stay ahead in China. Textile industry clusters are formedin Hangzhou((Women’s garment), Ningbo(Men’s garment), Xiaoshan (chemical fiber), Yuhang (home textiles), Shaoxing (textile), Wenzhou(shoes),Haining(leather),Shengzhou (ties), and Zhuji (socks) and Linhai(leisure products). Light textile markets that include all lines of product have become China’s logistics centers of light textile and exert widespread impact. For example, Shaoxing China Light Textile City and China Silk Market are the most influential textile markets in China.


机械


      机械工业是浙江工业的第一大产业,产值和利润分别占到浙江省工业的30%和31%。在中国大陆各省市自治区机械工业中,浙江机械工业产销总量居第四位,经济效益总量居第六位,出口总量居第三位。其中:空分设备、工业汽轮机、电除尘器和平面磨床等产品以其技术优势而处于国际先进、国内领先地位;电动工具、轴承、手工具、工业链条、低压电器、标准件等产品以其出口总量而居中国大陆各省市自治区同行前茅。

Machinery is the leading industry of Zhejiang Province, whose turnover accounts for 30% and profit 31% of the provincial’s total.Its sales revenue, profit and export volume rank 4th, 6th and 3st respectively in China. Technologies used in producing feature products, e.g., air separation plant, special industrial steam turbine, electric dust collector and surface grinder, are the most advanced at home and abroad. The province also has the largest export of power tools, bearing, hand tools, industrial chain, low-voltage appliance and standard parts in the country.

主要产业
建材

Building Material Industry

       浙江省建材工业产品门类齐全,传统建筑材料及制品、非金属矿及深加工、无机非金属等重要原材料及制品产业结构得到进一步调整,节能玻璃和墙体材料等绿色建材加快发展,新型建筑材料特别是玻纤及制品、化学建材、竹木制品及耐火材料等有了长足发展,成为我国重要生产基地之一,其生产技术水平和产品质量处于国内同行前茅。


Building material industry covers a whole range of products. The industrial structure of raw materials and products, e.g., traditional building material and its product, non-metallic minerals and further processing and inorganic non-metals has been further readjusted. The development of green building materials such as energy-saving glass and wall materials is accelerating. New materials, especially the glass fiber and its products, chemical building material, architectural wood and bamboo products and refractory, have become a growth point and makes it a key manufacturing base in China. The level of production technology and quality stands in the forefront of the domestic counterparts.

化工Chemical Industry

       拥有国内最大的国际原油加工基地和氟化工生产基地,草甘膦农药、染料的生产能力和产量位居亚洲首位,合成橡胶、有机硅、聚氨酯等产业发展迅速,精细化工产值率居国内同行榜首,基本形成产品门类众多,行业齐全,特色明显的现代产业体系。


Chemical industry boasts China’s largest international crude oil processing and fluorochemical manufacturing base. The production capacity and output of glyphosate pesticide and dyestuff is in the leading position in Asia; the synthetic rubber, organic silicon and polyurethane industries witness a rapid progress. The output rate of fine chemical industry is on China’s top list. A modern industry of diverse products, sectors and distinct features have taken shape.

电子信息产业

IT industry

      进入新世纪以来,浙江电子信息产业以年均23%以上的速度持续快速增长,产业规模居全国第五位,已成为浙江省重要的支柱性、战略性产业和国民经济发展的重要增长点。已初步形成通信、计算机及网络、电子元器件及材料、信息机电、应用电子以及软件与信息服务业等多个特色优势产业,在数字视频监控、IP网络设备、集成电路设计、IGBT器件、光纤通信器件、磁性材料等领域占据国内领先地位。2015年全省电子信息产业超百亿元企业12家,13家企业入围全国电子信息百强,9家企业入围中国软件百强,22家中国电子元件百强,行业百强数总体保持全国前列。2015年度我省全社会电子信息产业完成增加值2955亿元(约合474.44亿美元),比上年增长16.3%,占全省GDP比重为6.89%,实现主营业务收入14258亿元(约合2289.20亿美元),实现比上年增长12.7%,其中软件业务收入3024.5亿元(约合485.60亿美元),比上年增长22%;利税总额1652亿元(约合265.24亿美元),比上年增长18.3%,完成出口交货值2548亿元(约合409.10亿美元),比上年增长2.7%;从业人员达到100.2万人。


IT industry in the new century grows rapidly at an average yearly rate of 23%, of which the industry scale ranks fifth place in the country, becoming a pillar industry of strategic importance and growth point. It has initially formed many industries of characteristics and advantages such as communications, computers, networking, electronic components and materials, information electromechanical, electronic, and software applications and information services etc. It also occupies the leading position in fields like digital video surveillance, IP network devices, integrated circuit design, IGBT devices, optical fiber communication devices, magnetic materials. In 2015, the number of enterprises of electronic information industry with value over ten billion yuan hits 12, 13 companies short-listed National Electronic Information Top 100, 9 companies short-listed Chinese software Top 100,22 listed as China's top 100 electronics. The number of top100 of all kinds of industries remains leading position. In 2015, province’s electronic information industry added value of 295.5 billion yuan(47.44 billion U.S dollars) with an increase of 16.3% occupying 6.89% of provincial GDP. The IT industry draws1425.8 billion yuan(228.92 billion U.S dollars), with an annual increase of 12.7% in which the software revenue hits 302.45 billonyuan(48.56 billion U.S dollars)with an annual increase of 22%. The whole industry realized total profits and taxes of 165.2 billion yuan (26.524 billion U.S dollars), an increase of 18.3%. Export value of 254.8 billion yuan (40.91 billion U.S dollars), with an increase of 2.7% and employees reached 1 million.

医药

Medical Industry

       医药产业是浙江省既定的11个产业转型升级的重点之一,也是发展战略性新兴产业的重要内容,具备较强的研发、生产能力,浙江省拥有杭州生物产业国家高技术产业基地、浙东南国家化学原料药出口基地2个国家级医药产业集聚区块。2015年全省医药产业完成工业总产值1263亿元(约合202.78亿美元),同比增长6.7%;实现利润132亿元(约合21.19亿美元),同比增长5.3%。


Medical industry, featuring advanced R&D, production capacity and efficient medical circulation system, presents the important characteristics and advantage of Zhejiang province and is prioritized to be one of the strategic emerging industries. The province boasts "Hangzhou Bio-pharm National High-tech Industry Base" and “Zhejiang Southeast national chemical raw materials export base”. Output value of the province's pharmaceutical industry was 126.3 billion yuan(20.278 billion U.S dollars), an increase of 6.7%; with a profit of13.2 billion yuan(2.119 billion U.S dollars), an increase of 5.3% .

高新技术产业
以软件、通信、微电子、生物医药、新材料和新能源为重点的高新技术产业快速发展。全省累计认定高新技术企业数量超过7900家。2015年,全省高新技术产业产值2.53万亿元(约合4062.04亿美元),比2014年增长14%。

The industry witnesses a fast growth featuring software, communications, microelectronics, biomedicine, modern agriculture and new materials and energy. There have been more than 7900high-tech enterprises certified at the provincial level. The annual output of high-tech industry in Zhejiang stands at US$406.2 billion, increasing by 14%.

工业企业实现利润情况

     全年规模以上工业企业实现利润3718亿元(约合596.94亿美元)。其中,国有及国有控股企业581亿元(约合93.28亿美元);股份制企业534亿元(约合85.74亿美元);外商及港澳台投资企业1039亿元(约合166.82亿美元);私营企业1271亿元(约合204.07亿美元)。

 

In 2015, profits of industrial enterprises above designated size reached US$59.69 billion, among which state-owned and state-holding enterprises reached US$ 9.328 billion; stockholding enterprises reached US$ 8.57 billion; Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and foreign invested enterprises reached US$ 16.68billion; Private enterprises reached US$20.4 billion.

浙江省鼓励外商投资的重点

      浙江省鼓励外资投向高端制造业、高新技术产业、现代服务业、新能源、节能环保和服务外包产业。鼓励跨国公司来浙设立地区总部、研发中心、采购中心、财务管理中心、结算中心以及成本和利润核算中心等功能性机构。

The provincial government encourages the foreign investor to invest in sectors such as high-end manufacturing, high tech industry, modern service industry, new energy, energy-saving, environmental protection, and service outsourcing; and encourages multinational companies to establish functional organizations like regional headquarters, R&D center, procurement center, financial management center, settlement center, and cost and profit accounting center.


浙江省14个产业集聚区

【资料来源:浙江省产业集聚发展总体规划(2011-2020)】

⊙杭州大江东产业集聚区:以发展先进制造业、高技术产业、现代服务业为重点

⊙杭州城西科创产业集聚区:以发展先进制造业、高技术产业、现代服务业和现代生态产业为重点

⊙宁波杭州湾产业集聚区:以先进制造业、现代服务业、运动休闲产业和现代生态产业为重点

⊙宁波梅山物流产业集聚区:以保税仓储、转口贸易、中转、增值加工为重点

⊙温州瓯江口产业集聚区:以战略性新兴产业、“高新化”传统产业、现代服务业和高效产业为重点

⊙湖州南太湖产业集聚区:以战略性新兴产业、先进制造业、现代服务业为重点

⊙嘉兴现代服务业集聚区:以现代服务业和先进制造业为重点

⊙绍兴滨海产业集聚区:推进战略性新兴产业、现代服务业、生态休闲观光产业发展

⊙金华产业集聚区:以先进制造业、新兴产业、特色精品产业、生产性服务业为重点

⊙衢州产业集聚区:以先进制造业、现代物流业和生产性服务业为重点

⊙舟山海洋产业集聚区:以港口物流、临港工业、滨海旅游、海洋科技、现代渔业为重点

⊙台州湾循环经济产业集聚区:以资源再生、临港石化、医药化工、装备制造、现代服务业和生能产业为重点

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