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随卫星穿越到一年前,看疫情后武汉经济的艰难复苏|数评观点

烽火数闻 烽火数闻DataNews 2021-06-03

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本作品由烽火数闻团队向CGTN供稿,原标题为 Satellite maps reveal Wuhan's tough journey of economic recovery




阅读提要 | 武汉到底恢复得怎么样了?我们调取了武汉全城在封城期间和之后的卫星影像资料,涉及热力图、春耕图和夜光图等多方对比,结合饿了么大数据,探寻武汉经济的复苏之路。




    

陷入黑暗的工业园区重现光亮

This heat map shows Wuhan during its lockdown in February 2020. With no one outside and few factories open, the satellite image reveals a city in darkness. In the first quarter of 2020, the output growth of all industries in Wuhan sharply decreased, with one exception only: The local tobacco industry. People smoked more cigarettes perhaps due to their anxiety or fears over the lockdown.


下图显示的是2020年2月封城期间的武汉。没有人出来活动,鲜有工厂开工,卫星图拍摄下了一座陷入黑暗的城市。2020年的第一季度,武汉所有行业的增加值全线下跌。唯一的例外来自当地烟草业,人们吸了更多的香烟,也许是为了抵御封城期间的焦虑和恐惧。


The area pictured, almost completely lacking in heat, is Qingshan District, known as the "Ten Mile Steel City.” It’s home to the famous Wuhan Iron and Steel Corporation.


下图中这一片几近失去热度的区域是被誉为“十里钢城”的青山区,著名的武汉钢铁集团就坐落于此。



But by August, the industrial park significantly "warmed up" as it resumed operations. Another important industrial zone – Hanyang District also slowly regained its former vitality. The output growth of Wuhan’s industries dropped a huge 39.7% in the first quarter of 2020. The city reopened in April, but the figure was still negative 6.9% for 2020, and has not yet recovered to the 4.4% growth level of 2019.The tough journey of Wuhan’s industrial recovery indicates a long and bumpy road ahead for the city’s overall economy.


但到了八月,这片工业园区在复产之后明显“热”了起来。另一个重要的工业区域——汉阳区,也慢慢恢复了往日的活力。武汉市规模以上工业增加值在2020年一季度骤降39.7%。虽然4月已经解封,但2020年的增加值仍下降6.9%,尚未恢复到2019年增长4.4%的水平。武汉工业复苏的艰难旅程,折射了这座城市整体经济复苏的坎坷长路。


      


              

服务业缓慢复苏 
 

Like the industrial sector, Wuhan’s service industry is also slowly ticking up. The number of orders placed by Wuhan's residents on the food delivery platform Eleme has still not returned to pre-pandemic levels. In many ways,  recovery in Wuhan has been more difficult than in other major cities in China.


像工业一样,武汉的服务业也在缓慢地复苏。武汉人在外卖平台饿了么上面的订单数仍未完全恢复到疫情前。在很多方面,与中国其他的主要城市相比,武汉恢复得更为艰难。

During the lockdown last year, Wuhan's residents were extremely worried about their food supply. They purchased a lot of high-carb foods on Eleme such as peanuts, pancakes, corn, rice cakes, noodles and potatoes during the lockdown. After the lockdown, the foods that became the most popular included coffee and bubble tea, which indicates that the normal lives in this city gradually returns.


在去年的封城期间,武汉的居民曾非常担心自己的食物供应。封城期间,他们通过饿了么购买了大量的高碳水食物,比如花生、饼、玉米、锅巴、热干面和土豆等等。封城结束后,最热销的食物变成了咖啡和奶茶,暗示着这座城市已经逐步回归常态。



  

农业种植历经考验 

Food supply was a tough issue when the lockdown first started. The sowing, picking and transporting of produce encountered obstacles because of vehicle and personnel controls during the lockdown. During the summer, Wuhan was hit by heavy rainfall, which once again affected agricultural planting.


封城之初,粮食供应是个棘手的问题。因为封城期间,车辆和人员被管控,播种、采摘、运输等等均遇到各种阻碍。到了夏天,武汉又被强降雨天气袭击,再一次影响了农业种植。

In 2020, total vegetable production in Wuhan fell by 5.9% year on year, but the decline rate has narrowed by 6.6 percentage points compared to the first half of the year.

2020年,武汉市蔬菜总产量同比下降5.9%,但是降幅比起上半年已经收窄了6.6个百分点。

Huangpi District is one of the important areas for supplying vegetables in Wuhan. An assessment of spring planting in Huangpi District using satellite images shows recovery is in progress. For example, in Qijiawan Street, although yellow and red areas indicating that vegetables and grains were not planted as scheduled remain, the majority is still green.


黄陂区是武汉重要的蔬菜供应地之一。利用卫星对黄陂区的春耕情况进行评估发现情况正在改善。例如祁家湾街道虽然仍有不少黄色和红色区域,代表蔬菜谷物的种植情况不如前一年,但总体评估结果仍为绿色。




  

科技产业发展引人瞩目

How does a city with a population of more than 10 million recover economically after a two-month lockdown? A rare positive indicator for Wuhan was the Optics Valley's GDP growth of 5.1% in 2020.


一座具有1000多万人口的城市,封城两个多月后,经济如何恢复?武汉一个难得一见的正数指标是光谷地区,2020年的生产总值增长了5.1%。

This is Wuhan's Optics Valley, an area of the high and new tech industrial cluster. It was deserted during the pandemic, but the traffic flow is now returning to pre-pandemic levels.

这是武汉光谷高新科技工业的聚集区。它曾在疫情期间门可罗雀,但如今的车流正在逐步恢复到疫情前。

Emerging technology is the most promising field of Wuhan’s development. In July 2020, the high-tech manufacturing industry grew by 26.2%, 27.2 percentage points higher than the total combined growth rate of the city's industries.


新兴科技的发展正是武汉最寄希望的领域。2020年7月,高技术制造业增长了26.2%,比武汉市所有的规模以上工业高出27.2个百分点




Wuhan’s darkness on the satellite map at the start of 2020 represents the toughest time for China's economy; but its luminosity, which is increasing day by day, is also an indicator of China’s brighter economic future.


武汉2020年初在卫星图中的这片黑暗代表了中国经济最艰难的时刻。但是它逐渐增加的光,亦是中国经济前景愈见光明的一个信号。



Production Manager  /  Dai Yu

Script  /  Han Mo & Lin Yiqiao

Data Support  /  ABDAS Space Information Technology

Graphic & Motion Designer  /  Liu Yuetong & Guo Hongcen

Editor  /  Zhao Yuanzhen

Senior Producer  /  Bi Jianlu





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