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编辑部 NanoResearch

Nano Research

Review Articles

A review on synthesis of graphene, h-BN and MoS2 for energy storage applications: Recent progress and perspectives

Rajesh Kumar1,*, Sumanta Sahoo2, Ednan Joanni3, Rajesh Kumar Singh4, Ram Manohar Yadav5, Rajiv Kumar Verma6, Dinesh Pratap Singh7, Wai Kian Tan1, Angel Pérez del Pino8, Stanislav A. Moshkalev9, and Atsunori Matsuda1,*

1 Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan

2 Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), India

3 Centre for Information Technology Renato Archer (CTI), Brazil

4 Central University of Himachal Pradesh (CUHP), India

5 VSSD College, India

6 Osaka University, Japan

7 University of Santiago, Chile

8 Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (ICMAB-CSIC), Spain

9 University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil

Owing to unique structures and properties, two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have exhibited great potentials for energy storage applications. This review article contains synthesis of graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) and detailed discussion about their application in supercapacitor and secondary batteries.


Valleytronics in transition metal dichalcogenides materials

Yanping Liu1,*, Yuanji Gao1, Siyu Zhang1, Jun He1, Juan Yu1,2, and Zongwen Liu3,*

1 Central South University, China

2 Hangzhou Dianzi University, China

3 The University of Sydney, Australia

The emerging transition metal dichalcogenide materials provide a significant research platform for valleytronics. Novel physical effects contribute to the realization of valleytronic devices.


Research Articles

Low-temperature epitaxy of transferable high-quality Pd(111) films on hybrid graphene/Cu(111) substrate

Zhihong Zhang1,2, Xiaozhi Xu1,3, Ruixi Qiao1, Junjiang Liu1, Yuxia Feng1, Zhibin Zhang1, Peizhao Song1, Muhong Wu1,4, Lan Zhu5, Xuelin Yang1, Peng Gao1, Lei Liu1, Jie Xiong6, Enge Wang1,2,4, and Kaihui Liu1,*

1 Peking University, China

2 Huairou National Comprehensive Science Centre, China

3 South China Normal University, China

4 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

5 Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China

6 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China

Low-temperature epitaxy of transferable high-quality Pd(111) films is realized on hybrid single-crystal graphene/Cu(111), which can be obtained from commercial polycrystalline Cu foil. This facile production method can be widely applicable to epitaxially grow other metal films, like Au and Ag films.


Au-catalysed free-standing wurtzite structured InAs nanosheets grown by molecular beam epitaxy

Qiang Sun1, Han Gao1, Xiaomei Yao1,2,3, Kun Zheng4, Pingping Chen2, Wei Lu2, and Jin Zou1,*

1 The University of Queensland, Australia

2 Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

4 Beijing University of Technology, China

Freestanding wurtzite structured InAs nanosheets have been grown using Au catalysts in molecular beam epitaxy (MBE).


One-step growth of large-area silicon nanowire fabrics for high-performance multifunctional wearable sensors

Bing-Chang Zhang, Jian-Sheng Jie*, Zhi-Bin Shao, Si-Yi Huang, Le He*, and Xiao-Hong Zhang*

Soochow University, China

One-step growth of large-area silicon nanowire fabrics is achieved through a massive metal-assisted chemical vapor deposition method. In addition to intrinsic electronic properties of Si materials, the silicon nanowire fabrics also feature high flexibility, good tailorability and light weight, rendering them ideal for fabricating high-performance multifunctional wearable sensors to detect temperature, light, strain and pressure.


Self-powered electrochemical system by combining Fenton reaction and active chlorine generation for organic contaminant treatment

Yawei Feng1,2, Kai Han1,2, Tao Jiang1,2, Zhenfeng Bian3, Xi Liang1,2, Xia Cao1,2,*, Hexing Li4,*, and Zhong Lin Wang1,2,5,*

1 Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 Shanghai Normal University, China

4 Shanghai University of Electric Power, China

5 Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

A self-powered electrochemical system (SPECS) is constructed by integrating a rotary triboelectric nanogenerator with an electrochemical cell for hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical and active chlorine generation. Under the drive of mechanical energy or wind flow, such SPECS can efficiently degrade organic contaminant.


High-throughput droplet microfluidic synthesis of hierarchical metal–organic framework nanosheet microcapsules

Songting Wu1, Zhong Xin1, Shicheng Zhao1,*, and Shengtong Sun2,*

1 East China University of Science and Technology, China

2 Donghua University, China

With a high-throughput droplet microfluidic method, hierarchical metal–organic framework (MOF) nanosheet microcapsules can be prepared, which exhibit enhanced catalytic activity through introducing functional nanoparticles.


Decorating CoSe2 hollow nanospheres on reduced graphene oxide as advanced sulfur host material for performance enhanced lithium-sulfur batteries

Liang Chen1,2,*, Weiwei Yang2, Jianguo Liu2, and Yong Zhou2

1 Changsha University, China

2 Nanjing University, China

RGO embellished with CoSe2 hollow nanospheres was developed to serve as sulfur host material for advance lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Benefitting from the excellent chemical absorption and catalysis properties, CoSe2 hollow nanospheres effectively prevent the diffusion and accelerate the conversion of lithium polysulfides.


Enhanced CH4 selectivity in CO2 photocatalytic reduction over carbon quantum dots decorated and oxygen doping g-C3N4

Qian Li1,2, Songcan Wang3, Zhuxing Sun4, Qijun Tang1,2, Yiqiu Liu1,2, Lianzhou Wang3,*, Haiqiang Wang1,2,*, and Zhongbiao Wu1,2

1 Zhejiang University, China

2 Zhejiang Provincial Engineering Research Center of Industrial Boiler and Furnace Flue Gas Pollution Control, China

3 The University of Queensland, Australia

4 Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

With carbon quantum dots (CQDs) accelerating charge transfer, promoting CO2 activation and oxygen doping facilitating the dissociation of H2O to provide more H+, excellent CH4 production and selectivity in CO2 photocatalytic reduction was obtained over CQDs and oxygen doping co-modified graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4, CN) (CQDs/OCN).


Special interstitial route can transport nanoparticles to the brain bypassing the blood-brain barrier

Nan Hu1,2,3, Xiaoli Shi1,2,*, Qiang Zhang1,2, Wentao Liu1,2, Yuting Zhu1,2, Yuqing Wang1,2, Yi Hou4, Yinglu Ji1, Yupeng Cao1,2, Qian Zeng1,2, Zhuo Ao1,2, Quanmei Sun1,2, Xiaohan Zhou1,2, Xiaochun Wu1, and Dong Han1,2,*

1 National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 Chengde Medical University, China

4 Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

After directly injected 10 nm golden nanoparticles (AuNPs) into the tarsal tunnel interstitial architecture of rats, AuNPs can be delivered to the brain bypassing the blood-brain barrier (BBB). With NaGdF4 NPs as agents, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results displayed that the agents exited in the perivascular interstitial space of carotid arteries and brain vessels and demonstrated that the transportation to the brain was not through the blood circulation, but based on the interstitial architecture and interstitial stream. This kind of transportation exists throughout the whole body no matter in physiological or pathological status, which is the pathway not only connecting but also with high efficiency.


Wavy PtCu alloy nanowire networks with abundant surface defects enhanced oxygen reduction reaction

Dahui Fang1,2, Lei Wan3, Qike Jiang1, Hongjie Zhang1, Xuejun Tang1,2, Xiaoping Qin1, Zhigang Shao1,*, and Zidong Wei4,*

1 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 Tsinghua University, China

4 Chongqing University, China

PtCu alloy nanowire networks (NWNs) with 2.4 nm ultrathin wavy nanowires and plentiful surface defects are fabricated by a modified polyol method accompanied by a salt-mediated self-assembly process in a water/ethylene glycol mixing media. The PtCuNWNs/C presents superior activity and durability over most of the recently reported Pt-based nanowire ORR electrocatalysts.


2D nanoplate assembled nitrogen doped hollow carbon sphere decorated with Fe3O4 as an efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction and Zn-air batteries

Yanqiang Li1,*, Huiyong Huang1, Siru Chen3,*, Xin Yu1, Chao Wang1, and Tingli Ma2,*

1 Dalian University of Technology, China

2 Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan

3 Zhongyuan University of Technology, China

Two-dimensional (2D) nanoplate assembled nitrogen doped hollow carbon sphere encapsulated with Fe3O4 nanoparticle is synthesized and the catalyst exhibits highly oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalytic activity for Zn-air batteries.


Selective growth of wide band gap atomically thin Sb2O3 inorganic molecular crystal on WS2

Guangzhuang Sun1, Bo Li1, Shifa Wang2, Zhengwei Zhang1, Jia Li1, Xidong Duan1,*, and Xiangfeng Duan

1 Hunan University, China

2 Chongqing Three Gorges University, China

3 University of California, Los Angeles, USA

In this study, we synthesized Sb2O3/WS2 heterostructures by direct vapor phase epitaxy and further studied the electrical and optoelectronic performance.


Large-scale highly ordered periodic Au nano-discs/graphene and graphene/Au nanoholes plasmonic substrates for surfaceenhanced Raman scattering

Yansheng Liu and Feng Luo*

Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, Spain

Periodic graphene/Au NDs and Au NHs/graphene plasmon structure have been fabricated through a cost-efficient way. The SERS performances of these substrate have been studied and the Raman mappings reveal the hot-spots region which related to electric field.


External-force-driven solution epitaxy of large-area 2D organic single crystals for high-performance field-effect transistors

Jinwen Wang, Wei Deng, Wei Wang, Ruofei Jia, Xiuzhen Xu, Yanling Xiao, Xiujuan Zhang, Jiansheng Jie*, and Xiaohong Zhang*

Soochow University, China

An external-force-driven solution epitaxy (EFDSE) method is developed for large-area growth of two-dimensional organic single crystals (2DOSCs) on water surface. Flexible organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) based on the 2,7-didecylbenzothienobenzothiophene (C10-BTBT) 2DOSCs also show excellent bending stability.


Carbon-nanoparticle-assisted growth of high quality bilayer WS2 by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition

Jieyuan Liang1, Lijie Zhang1,*, Xiaoxiao Li1, Baojun Pan1, Tingyan Luo1, Dayan Liu1, Chao Zou1, Nannan Liu1, Yue Hu1, Keqin Yang1, and Shaoming Huang2,*

1 Wenzhou University, China

2 Guangdong University of Technology, China

Thickness-dependent optical and electronic properties of WS2 imply the importance of layer-number-controlled fabrication. In this work, a carbonnanoparticle-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was developed to obtain bilayer WS2 domains on sapphire substrates.


Butterfly-wing hierarchical metallic glassy nanostructure for surface enhanced Raman scattering

Hongyu Jiang1,2, Jing Li3, Chengrong Cao1, Xiaozhi Liu1,2, Ming Liu1,2, Yutian Shen1,2, Yanhui Liu1,4, Qinghua Zhang1,4, Weihua Wang1,2,4, Lin Gu1,2,4,*, and Baoan Sun1,2,4,*

1 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

4 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, China

The metallic glassy nanostructure replicating the structure of biomaterials displays an excellent surface enhanced Raman scattering effect, rendering them as a new potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering material with low cost and good durability and well extending the application of this kind of material.


Dual pH-responsive “charge-reversal like” gold nanoparticles to enhance tumor retention for chemo-radiotherapy

Xiaolei Zhang1, Chuangnian Zhang2, Mingbo Cheng1, Yahui Zhang1, Wei Wang1, and Zhi Yuan1,*

1 Nankai University, China

2 Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, China

A “charge-reversal like” strategy was utilized to realize irreversible stable aggregation and pH-specific release of cisplatin prodrug in tumor micro-environment (TME). And the intelligent dual pH-responsive selfaggregating nano gold system (Au@PAH-Pt/DMMA) can achieve good chemo-radiotherapy effect.


Graphene quantum dots rescue protein dysregulation of pancreatic β-cells exposed to human islet amyloid polypeptide

Ava Faridi1, Yunxiang Sun2,3, Monika Mortimer4, Ritchlynn R. Aranha1, Aparna Nandakumar1, Yuhuan Li1, Ibrahim Javed1, Aleksandr Kakinen1, Qingqing Fan1, Anthony W. Purcell1, Thomas P. Davis1,5,*, Feng Ding3,*, Pouya Faridi1,*, and Pu Chun Ke1,*

1 Monash University, Australia

2 Ningbo University, China

3 Clemson University, USA

4 China Jiliang University, China

5 The University of Queensland, Australia

Exposure to monomeric and aggregating human islet amyloid polypeptide induced differential dysregulation of protein expression in pancreatic β-cells, which was effectively mitigated by two-dimensional graphene quantum dots.


Rational design of nitrogen doped hierarchical porous carbon for optimized zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors

Penggao Liu1, Yang Gao2, Yangyang Tan3, Weifang Liu1, Yanping Huang1, Jun Yan1,*, and Kaiyu Liu1,*

1 Central South University, China

2 Xinjiang University, China

3 Fuzhou University, China

A nitrogen doped hierarchical porous carbon is evaluated as the cathode for aqueous rechargeable zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors. Benefiting from the synergistic merits of excellent structural features of N-HPC and tiny zinc dendrite of Zn anode in ZnSO4 electrolyte, the zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitor exhibits excellent energy storage performance.


Anisotropies of the g-factor tensor and diamagnetic coefficient in crystal-phase quantum dots in InP nanowires

Shiyao Wu1,2, Kai Peng1,2, Sergio Battiato3, Valentina Zannier3, Andrea Bertoni4, Guido Goldoni4,5, Xin Xie1,2, Jingnan Yang1,2, Shan Xiao1,2, Chenjiang Qian1,2, Feilong Song1,2, Sibai Sun1,2, Jianchen Dang1,2, Yang Yu1,2, Fabio Beltram3, Lucia Sorba3, Ang Li6, Bei-bei Li1, Francesco Rossella3, and Xiulai Xu1,2,7,*

1 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

3 Scuola Normale Superiore and Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR, Italy

4 Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR, Italy

5 Universit`a degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy

6 Beijing University of Technology, China

7 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, China

Crystal-phase quantum dots (QDs) in nanowires, as an emerging confined system, show great potential for new quantum photonic devise. In this work, we report and discuss the anisotropy of the g-factor tensor and diamagnetic coefficient in crystal-phase QDs realized in single InP NWs, promoting the crystal-phase QDs for applications in spin-based quantum information processing.


Dimensional characterization of cadmium selenide nanocrystals via indirect Fourier transform evaluation of small-angle X-ray scattering data

Julian Cedric Porsiel1,2, Bilal Temel1, Alfred Schirmacher2, Egbert Buhr2,3, and Georg Garnweitner1,3,*

1 Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany

2 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Braunschweig, Germany

3 Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany

The size dependent optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals enable the establishment of sizing curves for their fast and accurate characterization. Small-angle X-ray scattering allows the analysis of large quantities and provides statistically firm volume weighted data with high accuracy.


Surface depletion field in 2D perovskite microplates: Structural phase transition, quantum confinement and Stark effect

Wancai Li1, Chen Fang1, Haizhen Wang2, Shuai Wang1, Junze Li1, Jiaqi Ma1, Jun Wang1, Hongmei Luo2,*, and Dehui Li1,*

1 Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China

2 New Mexico State University, USA

We report on how the surface depletion field affects the structural phase transition, quantum confinement and Stark effect in two-dimensional (2D) (BA)2PbI4 perovskite microplates by the thickness-, temperatureand power-dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy.


PdAg bimetallic electrocatalyst for highly selective reduction of CO2 with low COOH* formation energy and facile CO desorption

Rui Lin1, Xuelu Ma2, Weng-Chon Cheong1, Chao Zhang1, Wei Zhu3, Jiajing Pei3, Kaiyue Zhang4, Bin Wang5, Shiyou Liang1, Yuxi Liu4, Zhongbin Zhuang3, Rong Yu1, Hai Xiao1,*, Jun Li1, Dingsheng Wang1, Qing Peng1, Chen Chen1,*, and Yadong Li1

1 Tsinghua University, China

2 China University of Mining & Technology, China

3 Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China

4 Beijing University of Technology, China

5 Sinopec Beijing Research Institute of Chemical Industry, China

PdAg shows lower overpotential and higher CO selectivity than sole Ag and sole Pd in CO2RR. The higher activity originates from the lower formation energy of COOH* and facile CO desorption on PdAg.


Reduced graphene oxide-supported CoP nanocrystals confined in porous nitrogen-doped carbon nanowire for highly enhanced lithium/sodium storage and hydrogen evolution reaction

Xiaojun Zhao, Dan Luo, Yan Wang, and Zhi-Hong Liu* 

Shaanxi Normal University, China

The design of micro-/nanostructured hybrids of reduced graphene oxidesupported ultrafine CoP confined in porous nitrogen-doped carbon nanowire as 3D hierarchically ordered electrode exhibits improved electrochemical properties in Li-ion batteries (LIBs), Na-ion batteries (NIBs), and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).


Defect-density control of platinum-based nanoframes with high-index facets for enhanced electrochemical properties

Shaohan Yang1, Shuna Li1, Lianghao Song1, Yipin Lv1,*, Zhongyao Duan1, Chunsheng Li1, Raphael Francesco Praeg2, Daowei Gao1,2,*, and Guozhu Chen1,*

1 University of Jinan, China

2 Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH, Germany

A series of three-dimensional (3D) PtCuCo trimetallic nanoframes with tunable density of defects and high-index facets have been fabricated by altering the sequential reduction kinetics in one-pot microwave-assisted wet-chemical method, which exhibit enhanced activity and durability towards the electro-oxidation reactions of methanol and formic acid.


Real time imaging of two-dimensional iron oxide spherulite nanostructure formation

Wenjing Zheng1,2, Matthew R. Hauwiller2,3, Wen-I Liang2,4, Colin Ophus2, Peter Ercius2, Emory M. Chan2, Ying-Hao Chu4, Mark Asta2,3, Xiwen Du1,*, A. Paul Alivisatos2,3,5, and Haimei Zheng2,3,*

1 Tianjin University, China

2 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

3 University of California, Berkeley, USA

4 “National Chiao Tung University”, Taiwan, China

5 University of California-Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

Through real time observation of the two-dimensional (2D) iron oxide spherulite nanostructure formation in a liquid cell using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), it is possible to reveal the atomic level details of growth, including the tip splitting, reaction front and crystallization pathways, and uncover the mechanisms of linear growth at the early stage transitioning to nonlinear growth at the later stage.


Carbon nanotube micropillars trigger guided growth of complex human neural stem cells networks

Gabriela S. Lorite1,*, Laura Ylä-Outinen2, Lauriane Janssen1, Olli Pitkänen1, Tiina Joki2, Janne T. Koivisto2, Minna Kellomäki2, Robert Vajtai3, Susanna Narkilahti2, and Krisztian Kordas1

1 University of Oulu, Finland

2 Tampere University, Finland

3 Rice University, USA

The construction of a three-dimensional (3D) environment mimicking the physical and biochemical cues of natural extracellular matrix is the key to control neural cell growth and functionality. Direct guidance of human neurite outgrowth is achieved by using 3D carbon nanotube micropillared templates, which provide multiple cues such as nanotopographical features, stiffness, conductivity and biochemistry.


A DNA origami plasmonic sensor with environment-independent read-out

Valentina Masciotti1,2,*, Luca Piantanida1,†, Denys Naumenko1,3, Heinz Amenitsch4, Mattia Fanetti5, Matjaž Valant5,6, Dongsheng Lei7,8, Gang Ren7, and Marco Lazzarino1,*

1 CNR-IOM, Italy

2 University of Trieste, Italy

3 National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

4 Graz University of Technology, Austria

5 University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia

6 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China

7 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

8 Lanzhou University, China

Present address: Boise State University, USA

The tetragonal DNA-origami/gold-nanoparticle hybrid structure is able to

change its configuration, which is transduced in a change of its plasmonic

properties, upon interaction with a specific DNA target. We investigated its

response when analyzed in three different media: aqueous solution, solid

support and viscous gel.


Carbon confinement synthesis of interlayer-expanded and sulfurenriched MoS2+xnanocoating on hollow carbon spheres for advanced Li-S batteries

Wenda Li, Dezhu Wang, Zihao Song, Zhijiang Gong, Xiaosong Guo, Jing Liu, Zhonghua Zhang*, and Guicun Li*

Qingdao University of Science and Technology, China

The nanoscale defect and interlayer engineering are first time applied in Li-S batteries system. The interlayer-expanded and sulfur enriched MoS2+x nanosheets not only have strong affinity to the soluble lithium polysulfides but also accelerate effectively polysulfides conversion kinetics and re-utilization.



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