Editor's note: President Xi Jinping stressed the importance of expanding and strengthening the Air Silk Road linking China with Luxembourg during his meeting with Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg on February 6, who came to China for the opening ceremony of the Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games. In recent years, Central China's Henan province has strengthened its opening-up policies in all areas, become an active participant of the Belt and Road Initiative and promoted the coordinated development of its four "Silk Roads" (namely the Air Silk Road, the Land Silk Road, the Online Silk Road and the Maritime Silk Road), becoming more closely connected with the world. During China's "Two Sessions", we are launching a special coverage featuring four stories about Henan's four "Silk Roads" to show the world a new image of Henan. Here is the last episode: With the Maritime Silk Road, we travel further.
Henan is not only the starting point of the ancient Silk Road in the East, but also one of the regions with great development potential and influence in modern China. Owing to its rich history, profound culture, geographical advantage, and development foundation, Henan is faced with more opportunities to become a pioneer in the field of opening-up and become a main force of constructing the Belt and Road.
To improve the comprehensive transport system and to expand the opening to the outside world, Henan has made great efforts to develop its inland water transportation in recent years, and formed two water transport channels on the Shaying River and Huaihe River. So far, the mileage of inland waterways of Henan has reached 1,725 kilometers with 201 ports and berths of various types built.
In 2021, the Provincial Department of Transportation, together with the Provincial Development and Reform Commission and the Provincial Department of Water Resources, compiled the Layout Plan for Inland Waterways and Ports of Henan Province (2021-2035), aiming to build a waterway network of "one vertical axis, three horizontal axes, five trunks and six branches", with a total planned mileage of 3,950 kilometers. One vertical axis refers to the channel of Tangbai River, while three horizontal axes refer to the channels of Huaihe River, Shaying River and Tuohui River, five trunks refer to the Yellow River, Henan section of the Grand Canal, Jialu River, Wohe River and Hongru River, and six branches refer to the Huiji River, Beiru River, Xincai River, Fenquan River, Shiguan River and Xiaohuang River.
During the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2035), Henan aims to build 500 kilometers of waterways with an investment of 10 billion yuan.
来源：大河网 记者/申华 编译/赵汉青 播 音：Oleg 制作/王君艺 任建东 审校/陈行洁