阿黛尔·戈德伯格｜Good Enough Language Production(Linguists Online系列讲座21)
巴西语言学会(Abralin, Associação Brasileira de Linguística)在疫情期间广泛联络世界各地知名语言学家，策划了Abralin Ao Vivo(即 Linguists Online)系列讲座，自5月起通过YouTube频道向全球直播。获邀参加的语言学家已超过百位，可谓大师云集，规模空前。陕西师大语言与认知研究所(CogLing.cn)与Abralin达成合作关系，获得Abralin独家内容授权，通过认知语言学微信公号向中国大陆学者同行独家转发该系列讲座的精选内容。
今日发布精选集第21期，主讲人是 阿黛尔·戈德伯格 (Adele Goldberg)，讲座题目“Good Enough Language Production: Children are Both More Conservative and More Ready Generalizers for The Same Reason"，直播时间为2020年8月26日。视频英文字幕为本公号后期制作，限于精力，未经逐字校对，敬请谅解。
Adele Eva Goldberg (born November 9, 1963, Columbus OH) is an American linguist, best known for the construction grammar in the tradition of cognitive linguistics.
Goldberg's research focus is on the psychology of language, including theoretical and experimental aspects of grammar and its representation, acquisition of form-function correspondences, and syntactic priming. Her works aim to illuminate parallels between language and other cognitive processes.
She is best known for her work on constructions: grammatical pairings of form and functions that are related to one another in a systematic network of learned knowledge; statistical preemption: the idea that competition between grammatical constructions in context can account for the ill-formedness of certain expressions that would otherwise be licensed; the creation and development of the novel construction-learning paradigm: which is akin to learning novel words with novel meanings; and the suggestion that both statistics (particularly in the form of skewed input) and the functions of constructions play an important role in learning.
She argues that the functions of constructions often help demystify traditional linguistic puzzles such as island constraints, one-anaphora, and obligatory modifiers.
There is a lot of evidence that children are “conservative” in that they do not generalize the language they hear to the same extent as adults. And yet there’s also work that reports that children generalize (“regularize”) even more than adults. This presentation will address this apparent paradox and argue that both effects stem from the same process: failure to access the best (combination of) constructions and instead producing a “good-enough” option. The challenge children face stems from their need to gain fluency with a rich network of constructions that are conditioned by a wide array of conceptual, contextual, and social factors.
版权方：Abralin ao Vivo - Linguists Online is an initiative of Abralin - Associação Brasileira de Linguística in cooperation with several linguistics associations.
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